More Tips for Playwrights

This awesome image was taken from

This awesome image was taken from

When you’re just starting out as a playwright, a lot about the industry can seem mystifying. Here are some quick dos and don’ts for people out there trying to navigate the wild waters of playwriting.

DON’T send your play to playwrights, artistic directors, literary managers, or dramaturgs asking for feedback unless you’re related to and/or sleeping with them. Maybe not even then. We’re all very busy people, and we get dozens of people a month asking us for feedback on their plays. You’re asking us to do FOR FREE something we do for a living. It takes hours to read a script, evaluate it, and craft useful feedback. Those are hours we must reallocate from our paid work or our personal lives. Then, when we provide that feedback, if it’s not what the playwright wants to hear, all too often they react angrily, ignore our advice, or tell us we’re wrong. It’s almost always a no-win situation for us.

If a theatre, contest, or individual has already stated that feedback will be provided for free, have at it. Otherwise, don’t ask for feedback on your script from someone who isn’t one of the first ten people you’d call to bail you out of county.


DO invite these people to come to informal readings. Feed them snacks. Serve them beer. Have them read your play aloud, then open a dialogue about it. This can be an incredibly useful tool. There’s no substitute for hearing your work out loud. Feel free to invite all the playwrights, ADs, turgs, and LMs you like. If they show up, they’re agreeing to give you the feedback you seek. LISTEN TO THEM. Take their advice to heart. You don’t need to follow every piece of advice everyone gives you, of course, but don’t reject criticism out of hand. If all you want is praise, give the play to your mother, a call girl (tip well), or your imaginary friend. I’d advise against having a public reading of an early draft if you’re just starting out. There are a million reasons, but the most important is that professionals will give you advice about how to make your play do what YOU WANT it to do. It’s a specific skill. Save the public readings for a more solid draft or until you’ve found your footing as a writer.

DO consider hiring a dramaturg. Professional dramaturgs often specialize in helping playwrights develop new work. Another option is to find a director who understands your vision and will be on board throughout the development process. I understand (oh so intimately) that most people don’t have a lot of extra money, so this may not be an option for you. Perhaps you know a dramaturg who’d be into a barter agreement. I’d trade dramaturgy for massage therapy in a hot second. Now if I could just convince Karin Wertheim to start writing plays…. (If you’re located in the Bay Area, you really need to check her out. Her bodywork is INSANELY good.)


DON’T make rookie mistakes in your cover letter. Don’t tell me in your cover letter how “hilarious” or “moving” your play is. If it’s a comedy or a drama, it’s fine to say that. But don’t praise or otherwise evaluate your own work. Also, always proof read. I don’t mind when playwrights have the name of another AD or company at the top of the email due to a copy and paste error (it’s fine, really), but I do mind when the email is riddled with spelling and grammatical errors. I don’t think you need to be a Grammar Ninja to be a good playwright, but a cover letter riddled with errors shows a lack of care and attention. The squiggly red line is there for a reason, chaps. Finally, I’m very interested in your play. I am completely uninterested in the letter of recommendation you’ve attached to it from a famous playwright. I have nothing but respect for Theresa Rebeck, but she knows nothing about my theatre or its needs, so her recommendation is useless to me.

DO follow all the submission guidelines. They’re there for a reason.

DON’T expect a personal response. No, it’s not “just polite” for a company to respond with a personal note to a submission. We all get hundreds and hundreds of submissions, even theatres without paid staff. The workload is nuts, so most of us are barely keeping our heads above water. Many have stopped responding to submissions entirely. And please don’t come out with, as I’ve heard some people say, “Then don’t accept unsolicited submissions at all if you can’t respond to them.” There are an increasing number of theatres who have decided to do exactly that.  I don’t have any plans to stop accepting submissions, but I understand why a company would make that decision. I think playwrights would want to encourage those avenues of access to stay open. So don’t always expect a response, don’t imagine that the reason you didn’t get one is because the theatre is impolite, and don’t tell us we should stop accepting submissions if we’re not sending out personal notes to all 412 playwrights who submit each season. I assure you, we’re all doing our best.

This week's submissions

This week’s submissions

Another thing I hear frequently is “You should state in advance whether or not you respond to submissions and how long it takes.” While I agree that companies that don’t respond to submissions should state that in their guidelines, remember that even theatres that do not accept submissions at all get hundreds of them, and playwrights are often sending submissions based on a third-party post. (I’ve sent numerous emails to various playwriting sites attempting to correct errors about our submission process, to no avail.) There’s no reason why a theatre that does not accept submissions should respond to yours, and a theatre may have in their guidelines that they don’t respond to submissions unless they’re interested in producing, and yet that fact never made it onto the third-party website you’re reading. Again, don’t assume the reason a theatre isn’t responding to you is simple twattery.

No theatre can accurately predict how long it will take to respond. Generally speaking, the longer the better. We can turn a rejection around quickly, but when a play is being strongly considered, it takes much longer as it makes its way up the chain.

Here, have some dynamite down your pants

“Here, have some dynamite down your pants” is never a good response to rejection.

DO respond courteously, if at all, to rejection. While most playwrights are awesome, often literary departments and ADs are confronted with angry playwrights who are upset their play was rejected.  I’ve personally received dozens of angry emails from rejected playwrights. Once we had a playwright resubmit a play, telling us that he had rewritten it to include a Black character “since that’s what you people seem to like over there.” I’ve been called an “asshole” more than once. I’ve been told I was an “idiot” who couldn’t recognize good writing. I was told once that I “require objects of condemnation.”

I’ve even received angry emails from playwrights who didn’t like the rejection letter itself. I’ve received emails complaining that the rejection was a form letter. I’ve received emails complaining that the rejection was NOT a form letter. I once received a lengthy email telling me I was “everything wrong” with theatre because our rejection letter had a formal greeting (Dear Mr. Malcolm Reynolds, etc).

I know rejection is hard, but I assure you it’s not personal. Since there’s no such thing as a rejection that every playwright thinks is “best” (they all want different things, vehemently at times), theatres must make a choice that works for them. So take a deep breath, and then call me an idiot who can’t recognize good writing when you’re at the bar with your friends, not in an email to me.

DO tell me anything practical you think I might need to know. Are you open to casting some of the male roles with women, or using different music than the music stated in the script? Are the difficult technical moments able to be done in a low-tech way? How do you envision that being accomplished? If the script calls for an actor to play the accordion, are you open to other instruments as well? Are you open to double casting?

bring it

bring it

DO watch your language. You can drop all the f-bombs on me you can muster. Creative swearing brings a smile to my lips and a song to my heart. However, be very careful about using words that are considered hurtful. I’ve seen in two scripts recently the usage of the word  “retarded” in stage directions: “Staring at him like he’s retarded.” I’ve seen racism, anti-Semitism, homophobia. I’m not referring to characters’ points of view– of course people write all the time about characters with unsavory opinions– but language that reflects the point of view of the playwright. I’m going to trust that your statement that the right theatre could “jew you down” to a lower royalty rate comes from a place of ignorance rather than outright racism. So review your statements carefully.

That’s all for now. You know I’ll have more later, right? I can’t stop myself. I’m pathologically helpful. I know that starting out in theatre as a playwright can be confusing and overwhelming, but hang in there. It won’t take long for it all to seem like home.

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15 thoughts on “More Tips for Playwrights

  1. Love your tips to playwrights, as always. The one about not accepting feedback when you do get it is a big one for me– so many times I’m invited to read or hear a new work, and then get massive arguments over my suggestions. It’s gotten to where I want to be certain the playwright is open to feedback before I even bother…

  2. This is fantastic and dead-on.

  3. I am ashamed of fellow playwrights who send such immature responses to rejection letters. However, I realize that in many fields of study in the arts, whether it’s painting, acting, or writing, many artists haven’t learned to separate themselves from their work. It’s about the work, always about the work, not the artist personally. Thank you for writing an informative, erudite, and always humorous blog!

  4. Zev Valancy says:

    Shared, enthusiastically, on Facebook. I hope this gets out there. It needs to.

  5. Zev Valancy says:

    In conversation with people on Facebook, I came up with two more rules:

    DO assume that Literary Managers and Artistic Directors talk to each other, and both recommendations and warnings will be passed around.

    DON’T think that social media is private. It can have an effect on your career without your even knowing.

    • Social Media’s impact on your career is frightening… A whopping 68% of employers will find you on Facebook before considering hiring.

    • I generally don’t quote letters from literary departments in social media without redacting the names of both the correspondent and the theatre– even if it’s a very positive letter.

      I have been known to “name names” so to speak, but only when someone in the business is doing something so profoundly unethical that it needs to be addressed.

  6. I have now read a couple of your blog posts and I really appreciate and enjoy them! Thanks…consider yourself “bookmarked”

  7. Molly Campbell says:

    Thanks again for another post with valuable insights. I suppose it would be safe to assume that dramaturges and LM’s would remember that rude playwright in future submissions. Do they also remember the playwrights who respond courteously or not at all?

    • Zev Valancy says:

      I’m not sure about those who don’t respond, but I definitely remember the playwrights who are courteous and well-prepared.

  8. chasbelov says:

    Usually when I get comments as a playwright, they are a mix of useful stuff, useless stuff, and trying to rewrite my play for me. I know to keep my mouth shut on the useless stuff, and rewriting my play is below contempt – they are welcome to write their own play – so I keep my mouth shut there too. The one thing I’m puzzled about, as a playwright, is when to have a discussion about the stuff where they seem to have misunderstood my intent or some similar off-base comment, which is usually about my failing to have gotten something down on the paper which was in my head. I know enough to know that this discussion does not belong as a response to a pass letter, but are close friends/colleagues and paid dramaturgs the only ones one *can* have such a discussion with?

  9. Eric Rudnick says:

    Thanks for these!

  10. FrankieJ says:

    Most of these are pointless because time and time again it is proven that those who break the rules set down by whomever, are the ones who get noticed. My advice to playwrights is to follow your gut and to not be afraid to take chances. Some of what is stated above is true, like taking time and attention to presentation but the rest is up to you. BE SMART. BE TENACIOUS. BE YOURSELF. THERE ARE NO RULES.

  11. kizzylee says:

    just wanted to add my thanks again on this one, i am not or ever will be a playwright cannot even begin to imagine but i have enjoyed reading the post all the same, and my thanks are for one small point that means a whole heck of a lot to me and you are the first person i have ever come across who mentioned it – i was beginning to think i was the only one- it was the idea of using ‘retarded’ i find this offensive in the extreme yet it is used so often these days i find myself boiling over at nearly every article on the internet/tv social media everything, it’s a nightmare and i hate it, i really wish it could become as offensive to everyone as i find it to be, thank you for being the first person ever to mention and fingers crossed more people will become conscious of just how offensive this is thanks again for another good post

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